Graph reduction machine

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A graph reduction machine is a special-purpose computer built to perform combinator calculations by graph reduction.

Examples include the SKIM ("S-K-I machine") computer, built at the University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory,[1] the multiprocessor GRIP ("Graph Reduction In Parallel") computer, built at University College London,[2][3] and the Reduceron, which was implemented on an FPGA with the single purpose of executing Haskell.[4][5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Clarke, T. J.W.; Gladstone, P. J.S.; MacLean, C. D.; Norman, A. C. (25 August 1980). "SKIM - the S, K, I reduction machine". Proceedings of the 1980 ACM conference on LISP and functional programming - LFP '80. LFP '80. New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery. pp. 128–135. doi:10.1145/800087.802798. ISBN 978-1-4503-7396-8. S2CID 10189254.
  2. ^ "Reduction Machines". 31 July 2002. Archived from the original on 31 July 2002. Retrieved 1 July 2023.
  3. ^ Jones, Simon L. Peyton; Clack, Chris; Salkild, Jon; Hardie, Mark (1987). "GRIP — a high-performance architecture for parallel graph reduction". In Kahn, Gilles (ed.). Functional Programming Languages and Computer Architecture. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Vol. 274. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 98–112. doi:10.1007/3-540-18317-5_7. ISBN 978-3-540-47879-9.
  4. ^ Naylor, Matthew; Runciman, Colin (2012). "The Reduceron reconfigured and re-evaluated". Journal of Functional Programming. 22 (4–5): 574–613. doi:10.1017/S0956796812000214. ISSN 1469-7653. S2CID 1310090.
  5. ^ Naylor, Matthew; Runciman, Colin (2008). "The Reduceron: Widening the von Neumann Bottleneck for Graph Reduction Using an FPGA". In Chitil, Olaf; Horváth, Zoltán; Zsók, Viktória (eds.). Implementation and Application of Functional Languages. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Vol. 5083. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 129–146. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-85373-2_8. ISBN 978-3-540-85373-2.

Further reading[edit]

  • T. J. W. Clarke, P. Gladstone, C. MacLean, A. C. Norman: SKIM — The S, K, I Reduction Machine. LISP Conference, 1980: 128–135

External links[edit]